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Vertical Transport: Design of Elevators & Escalators

Anand Tiwary, Director, Matrix Management Consultants Pvt. Ltd.
By Admin
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Introduction
Traditionally, the vertical transport (VT) system was put in place considering conventionally acceptable thumb rules with minimalistic consideration of aesthetic details. We have come a long way from the systems offered in the past. However, the VT system these days is expected to not only comply with building codes but also be efficient at traffic handling, functionally robust and cost effective. Careful designing of VT system is need of the hour and the designers need to provide tailor made solutions as per the requirement of individual buildings. Beside the designing part, their aesthetics need to amalgamate with the building and they need to be a composite part of the lobby experience beside being safe and reliable at all times with minimum noise, vibrations and should be energy efficient.

VT systems typically utilize a major proportion of a building’s service core. With construction costs rising, it is becoming increasingly important to optimize the number of elevator and escalators in a building while maintaining a high level of service.

Objective of Vertical Transport Designers
Designers of Vertical Transportation Systems tries to achieve following from efficient design:

  • System should provide minimum waiting time for passenger
  • System should offer passenger com fort – Smooth ride
  • Safe and reliable operation
  • Aesthetics Experience should match with building ambiance
  • Code compliance
  • Latest Technology & Energy Efficiency
  • Cost Effective Solution
As part of this article, we shall discuss Vertical Transport: Design of Elevators & Escalators Anand Tiwary, Director, Matrix Management Consultants Pvt Ltd, New Delhi says vertical transport designers need to provide tailor made solutions for buildings and lists the important parameters for elevator and escalator design. how VT system designer encompasses all these considerations while proposing solution for each and every project.

Design Parameter - Efficient Passenger Handling
One of the most complex problems in designing a VT solution for any building is to estimate the passenger demand at different times to arrive at the most optimized vertical circulation solutions. Passenger demands depend on various factors such as passenger circulation patterns, type of building, vicinity to public transportation system, working hours, tenancy, etc. In the past, the designers were solely dependent on arithmetical methods for traffic calculation, however, with increasing complex nature and application of the buildings, unpredictable passenger dynamics, etc., computer aided simulation use has increased. The mixed use of the traditional arithmetical approach and the smart simulation today, generally, is the best way to start the foundation for an efficient VT system. VT systems like escalators are being used extensively not only to handle large customer foot fall at shopping mall but also to regulate the traffic flow pattern to provide maximum floor coverage.

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